Study: Mouse adult retina and eyecup atlas and optic nerve crush time series 141522 cells

Single-cell RNA-sequencing (10x Genomics) of adult mouse retina and eyecup cells before and at six time points after optic nerve crush injury. 

Abstract: Non-neuronal cells play key roles in the complex cellular interplay that follows central nervous system (CNS) insult. To understand this interplay at a tissue level, we generated a single-cell atlas of immune, glial and retinal pigment epithelial cells from adult mouse retina before and at multiple time points after axonal transection (optic nerve crush; ONC), identifying rare and undescribed subsets, and delineating changes in cell composition, expression programs, and interactions. Computational analysis charted an inflammatory cascade after injury with three phases. The early phase consisted of reactivation of retinal macroglia and microglia, providing chemotactic signals for immune infiltration, concurrent with infiltration of CCR2+ monocytes from the circulation. In the second phase, these differentiated to macrophage subsets resembling resident border-associated macrophages. In parallel, a multicellular interferon program, likely driven by microglia-derived type-I interferon, was synchronously activated across resident glia, expanding beyond rare interferon-responding subsets of glia unexpectedly present in the naïve retina. Our findings provide insights regarding post-injury CNS tissue dynamics and a framework to decipher cellular circuitry, spatial relationships and molecular interactions following tissue injury.

Citation: Inbal Benhar*, Jiarui Ding*, Wenjun Yan, Irene E. Whitney, Anne Jacobi, Malika Sud, Grace Burgin, Karthik Shekhar, Nicholas M. Tran, Chen Wang, Zhigang He, Joshua R. Sanes, Aviv Regev. Temporal single cell atlas of non-neuronal retinal cells reveals dynamic, coordinated multicellular responses to central nervous system injury. Nature Immunology 2023; doi: 10.1038/s41590-023-01437-w (Preprint: bioRxiv 2022.07.10.499469; doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2022.07.10.499469)

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