Regeneration of complex multi-tissue structures, such as limbs, requires the coordinated effort of multiple cell types. In axolotl limb regeneration, the wound epidermis and blastema have been extensively studied via histology, grafting, and bulk-tissue RNA-sequencing. However, studying the contributions of these tissues is hindered due to limited information regarding the molecular identity of the cell types in regenerating limbs. By performing unbiased single-cell RNA-sequencing on over 25,000 cells from axolotl limbs, we identify a plethora of cellular diversity within epidermal, mesenchymal, and hematopoietic lineages in homeostatic and regenerating limbs. We identify regeneration-induced genes and propose the molecular identity and origin of fibroblast-derived blastema progenitor cells residing in homeostatic limbs.